History Culture of Murcia Region, Murcia, Cartagena, Spain


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Murcia is culture, history and richness. From the muslim era until today the cultural legacy that is has acquired has been of great importance. From there to being today a cultural region in the Levante Coast of Spain.

In the territory that would take the name of Murcia there are traces of settlement from 1.5 million years ago. The findings attest to the presence of man in the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic. Since then has always been linked to the relationship between man and earth, which together with the commercial enhancement of the area by the Phoenician civilizations were the advantages for their development.

Representative in this regard is the history of the city of Cartagena. Although his original settlement appears to be much more remote, it was not until the year 227 BC when the Carthaginians settled a colony founded as referring sources on the Iberian population Mastia with the name, which under the name rebautizarían Hadasht Qart. Its founder was Hasdrubal, son of Hamilcar Barca, and starred together in the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula by the Carthaginian. During the Roman period the city became known as Carthago Nova and would be one of the most important in Spain.

In the year 825 is followed by another founding moment in the history of the region due to the arrival of the Muslims. The emir of Al-Andalus, Abd ar-Rahman II, founded the city of Madinat Mursiya (current Murcia), but nonetheless, some researchers argue that what actually occurs in this year is moving the hearts of a village existing Tudmir . The Arabs would be responsible for use of the river Segura, with the approach of a system of canals that would be a major breakthrough in agricultural region.

In the year 1031 was founded the Taifa of Murcia, one of the kingdoms that divided the Caliphate of Cordoba. After the Battle of Sagrajas in 1086, the dynasty of the Almoravids spread to reunify all Taifa Al-Andalus but Ferdinand III finally won the allegiance of the Muslim kingdom of Murcia in 1243, entering his son, Alfonso X el Wise in the capital in 1244.

The Taifa of Murcia, was renamed the Kingdom of Murcia conquest, noting that would hold until 1833, in which the reign of Isabel II the country was divided into 49 provinces being divided this current in the two provinces of Murcia and Albacete, until the transition to democracy would not be attached to the Autonomous Community of Castilla la Mancha.

Murcia is an area that breathes history of different cultures developed over centuries, from the Phoenician period the Islamic and the Middle Ages to the Baroque, it is this latter period represents an era of prosperity that leads to the development of known Baroque Murcia. Culminating works of the Cathedral of Murcia and the Convent of St. Jerome in the Ñora, a district of the capital, and produced sculptural heritage bequeathed by Salzillo, some of which can be visited in the museum that bears his name.

Other places of interest to know the heritage of the region are those that can be performed at the Teatro Romano de Cartagena, as well as the Museum of Roman Art designed by Rafael Moneo, providing a historical and cultural attractions appealing to this region of the Levant Spanish. If you are looking for a complement to a varied holiday, the Region of Murcia offers enjoy beaches such as La Manga and Cartagena with the possibility of knowing an important cultural enclave.

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